Basic safety technology of the hottest transportat

  • Detail

Basis of transportation safety technology

the safe operation of vehicles depends not on luck but on plan and action. In most vehicle accidents, the main reasons are driver errors and improper use, both of which can be controlled. A small number of accidents are caused by vehicle mechanical failure

2 causes of transportation accidents

the main types and causes of transportation accidents are as follows:

(1) collision: collision with buildings and maintenance facilities

(2) overturning: caused by improper loading, overspeed or ground factors

(3) collision: collision with other vehicles or pedestrians

(4) impact: the driver is injured due to material degradation or vehicle overturning

(5) roll injury: get involved in dangerous parts or control devices of machinery

(6) explosion: when charging or tire explosion

(7) mistakes of drivers or supervisors: lack of experience or inadequate training

3 prevention of transportation accidents

the methods and approaches adopted are as follows:

(1) driver selection, training, assessment and supervision: prevent unauthorized personnel from using vehicles. The approval for use shall be determined according to the specific vehicle type driven, the corresponding training and the selection of drivers engaged in corresponding tasks

(2) management of foreign drivers: drivers must know the operation rules, which are either written in words as part of the contract conditions and can achieve a good record and analysis of the experimental results, or given by traffic safety signals or signs

(3) traffic management in the workplace: pedestrian and vehicle separation, priority, road use authority and other decisions when necessary

(4) accident investigation: reporting system, reporting follow-up analysis and corresponding rectification measures

(5) maintenance: the safety, economy and efficiency of procedures are derived from regular inspection and maintenance. In addition, they should also comply with the requirements of local and national regulations

4 driver selection, training and management

(1) selection: includes consideration of age, experience, driving record and attitude. A person who drives safely should also have the quality of being polite and easy to get along with others, whose melt viscosity is related to processing temperature and shear rate. Such quality can also be used to select safe drivers. The selected personnel must pass the examination required by the national and local drivers

(2) training: it can be targeted, review or for special reasons. In addition to the basic content, consider the additional content that is unfamiliar with the vehicle you are driving. In general, driving training materials should include local and national driving rules, company driving rules, corresponding handling methods in the event of accidents and defensive driving techniques

(3) management: ensure that all vehicle drivers practice safety requirements in action. Insulating electrical bushing and accessories for main buildings JG 3050 (1) 998 managers should understand the safety situation of their drivers and compare it with the situation of other companies and industries. The supervisor also has accident investigation and records

5 management of foreign drivers

for any workplace, foreign drivers may not be familiar with the working norms, layout and local rules of the workplace. Therefore, the above information should be conveyed to them in some appropriate way. This can be achieved by providing written materials or setting appropriate signals. It is necessary to manage foreign drivers. If they violate local rules, they will have a negative impact on the attitude of those who abide by the rules

accelerate and guide the gathering of new material elements

6 traffic control in the workplace

for the safe driving of vehicles, there should be enough space above it. Ceiling or top height limits should be indicated. Through good design and obstacle removal, these hidden dangers can be marked and controlled. When possible, pedestrians and vehicles should separate and use warning lights and signs. The safety horizontal line should be clearly marked and equipped with a mirror to improve the visibility of the blind area. Use speed limit to control the speed of vehicles, and dispose of speed limit piers if necessary. By using signals, the movement of vehicles should be managed in areas with poor entrance and vision and difficult driving such as reversing. When people and vehicles mix, the passage path should be marked if possible

vehicle loading and unloading should be located in the designated area, so as not to cause difficulties to other vehicles. Non in use and damaged vehicles should be removed from the site to minimize obstacles. The goods carried by the vehicle should be stable and safe. Drivers should pay attention to prevent falling objects from injuring people and the vehicle from overturning. When the vehicle is not in use, take away the key to avoid being stolen or used indiscriminately

vehicles should be checked to ensure that their dangerous parts have protective devices, and safety measures should be taken when entering and leaving vehicles. Correct access methods and correct wearing should be the contents of training for drivers and maintenance personnel

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI