China should not become the world steel manufactur

2022-08-01
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National Development and Reform Commission: China should not become the world's steel manufacturing base according to the analysis on the operation of the steel industry in the first half of the year recently released by the national development and Reform Commission, in the first half of the year, driven by strong domestic and foreign demand, the average daily output of steel reached 480million tons, and in June reached 510million tons

the relevant person in charge of the national development and Reform Commission said that the main problem in the economic operation of the iron and steel industry at present is that the output growth rate is still high, creating potential pressure on the domestic market

the person in charge pointed out that since this year, the steel market has been rising, and a large number of new resources have not exerted great pressure on the market. The most fundamental reason is that steel exports have eased the pressure on the domestic market

data show that in the first half of the year, the net export was converted into 30.93 million tons of crude steel, accounting for 13% of the domestic crude steel output. Although 37.77 million tons of crude steel were increased in China, only 6.84 million tons were digested in China. In the same period last year, the net export was converted into 11.06 million tons of crude steel, accounting for 5.5% of the domestic crude steel output in the same period. The new resources digested in China were 19.74 million tons

the responsible person said that in the first half of this year, the newly added resources digested in China decreased by 12.9 million tons compared with the same period of the previous year, and the net export of crude steel increased by 19.87 million tons, an increase of 179.7%

in view of the current problems, the national development and Reform Commission said that it would intensify structural adjustment in the second half of the year. In particular, efforts should be made to eliminate the backward according to the requirements of industrial policies, combining the elimination of the backward with energy conservation and emission reduction, so as to promote the withdrawal of backward production capacity from the market as soon as possible and reduce energy consumption and pollutant emissions. At the same time, we will curb the excessive growth of exports. The development of iron and steel industry should be firmly guided by the principle of meeting domestic demand and reducing the dependence of iron and steel products on the international market

the above analysis report clearly indicates that, according to China's national conditions, we are not in a position to provide a large number of steel products for the international market for a long time from now to the future to check whether the emergency switch is a downcast product, and China should not become a manufacturing base of steel products in the world. At the same time, the export structure and regional structure of products should be optimized to avoid the centralized export of general products to the same region or country, resulting in trade friction

the steel industry policy in the second half of the year will also increase energy conservation and consumption reduction, and strengthen the awareness of environmental protection. Take various measures, including strictly implementing differential electricity prices, water prices and sewage charges, to ensure new progress in energy conservation and consumption reduction

related reports:

the iron and steel industry focuses on domestic demand

Author: lifuyong

"according to China's national conditions, we are not in a position to provide a large number of iron and steel products for the international market for a long time from now to the future, and China should not become a manufacturing base of iron and steel products in the world." In the "Analysis on the operation of the steel industry in the first half of the year" released on July 31, the national development and Reform Commission made the above clear statement on the international positioning of China's steel industry for the first time

the national development and Reform Commission also said that the development of the iron and steel industry should be firmly guided by the principle of meeting domestic demand and reducing the dependence of iron and steel products on the international market

last year, China became a net exporter of iron and steel for the first time, with considerable profits from iron and steel exports. Under such favorable premise, why should the NDRC emphasize the policy of focusing on meeting domestic demand? Insiders pointed out that the direct cause is that China's steel exports are under increasing anti-dumping pressure internationally; The fundamental reason is that the iron and steel industry has become the primary control object of the national macro-control policy because of its increasing dependence on foreign raw materials and the characteristics of high energy consumption and high pollution

at present, the supply of domestic steel products exceeds the demand, while the international market price is higher than that in China, which provides space for capacity release. The steel export is profitable and stimulates enterprises to operate the export of steel products. At present, the number of such enterprises has reached 11600. However, with the increase of export volume and the increase of international pressure on Chinese steel, the positioning of Chinese steel in the international market has become increasingly prominent

China's iron and steel industry has become the "center of development" of the international iron and steel industry for many years in a row, and exports have increased year by year, arousing dissatisfaction from foreign counterparts. Since the end of last year, the United States, the European Union, Australia, Indonesia, Thailand, Mexico and other countries and regions have successively heard anti-dumping noise against Chinese steel products during the 1025 period. The trade "friction coefficient" faced by China's steel exports is gradually increasing. China's iron and steel industry should further clarify its position in the international industry, adjust the export structure, balance the domestic and foreign market relations, and establish a long-term and stable international strategy

luobingsheng, executive vice president of China Iron and Steel Association, said at a seminar that the growth of China's steel exports shows that China's steel enterprises are improving their competitiveness in the international market, which is an "important step" in China's transformation from a big steel country to a powerful steel country. It is also an inevitable result of China's steel industry's technological transformation, technological upgrading of process equipment and industrial upgrading in recent years. However, export must be appropriate, and appropriate export should be positioned from the perspective of development strategy

it is reported that China's iron and steel industry has reached a clear consensus: it should not be export-oriented, the export volume should be controlled at about 10% of the total output, and the export of high value-added products should be the main

last year, China imported 50% of the ores needed for pig iron production, breaking the 200million ton mark for the first time. With the increase of China's dependence on foreign steel raw materials, the price of imported iron ore has risen year after year, and Chinese enterprises can not stop its rising momentum. At present, the international ore is in a monopoly state. Under the continuous depreciation of the US dollar, it is difficult for several international ore giants to reduce the ore price in 2008

in addition, there is the issue of freight. The main import sources are Brazil, Australia and South Africa. Its task principle adopts hydraulic loading principle, India, etc., and it needs to be transported by sea. Since the end of last year, the international shipping price has risen repeatedly, and the price has reached more than twice the price of ore. At present, 90% of the imported ores need to hire foreign ships

in addition to ores, the iron and steel industry is characterized by high energy consumption and high pollution, making it the primary target of national macro-control. At present, the state is preparing to carry out the reform of the resource price system, and many resources 3 After the parameter setting is completed, the cost of placing the sample in the center of the fixture will increase, including the coal and electricity linkage policy planned by the state in the second half of the year. It can be predicted that it is inevitable to increase the future electricity price, water price and other resource products

according to China's macroeconomic information statistics, in the past year, the prices of coal, coke, ferroalloy and other raw materials have increased by a large margin, and some varieties have increased by as much as 50% - 100%. Although the steel price also increased significantly in the same period, the calculation shows that the growth rate of raw material price is obviously faster than that of steel price. In particular, the situation that the raw material cost may run at a high level, but the steel price may decline slowly in the future may increase the pressure on steel production cost

in order to control the excessive growth of steel exports, the Chinese government has successively introduced a number of strong measures, such as the adjustment of export tax rebates, export taxation and the management of general export licenses, in an effort to control the total export volume and adjust the export structure. In the first half of this year, the relevant state departments issued four measures to restrict the export of steel products

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